Tatting is a Victorian lace, but its origins are remoter.
In Orient laces were made as frills, some of them were found in Egyptian tombs; this technique was then spread all over the world and due to this reason its original name has been forgotten.
In East it was called "Makouk" since it was such the fuse was called; in Italy its name would be "Occhi" ("Eyes") for the shape of the rings with the picot; in France "Frivolité"; in Germany "Schiffshenarbeit" (synonymous of shuttle). The English name is "Tatting", means: speaking under voice; perhaps due this meaning, in Italy is commonly used the term "Chiacchierino".
Anciently the shuttles were much larger than now and they did not lack in the neccessaires of noble women. Maria Teresa (Queen of Austria) had 5 shuttles as wedding present; under the sign of Queen Elisabetta of Rumania this job had wide applications; so, different shapes laces were made; they were called "Carmen Sjlva" and it was the favorite pastime of the Monarch, which left written: "graceful job, the centuries will not delete it". Also Madama Pompadour was delighted of it, infact she had many tatting laces and had also various fuses.
Anciently there were also tatting laces made of gold thread with precious stones in order to cover goblets and to adorn altars. The end of Victorian Age saw the forfeiture of this lace, but with the second world war it began to revive together with other embroidery works.
Returning to our times, tatting has different applications and with a little bit of fantasy, any shape for whichever application can be created.
Tatting execution, need: the fuse and the spun, this one had to be skewed.
The fuse, everyone knows it: it has the shape of an almond with two tips that coincide in the extremities in order to hold the thread. In America the shuttle has a small hook on one side, which is useful to pass the thread through the picot and to avoid of taking the "uncinetto", saving time. In order to load the fuse, the thread is knotted, passing it from a small hole that is in the center hinge and then the fuse must be turned on itself. It is better that the thread will not stretch out the walls because, in this way, the shuttle slides better.
Can be used all the existing qualities of thread, except the skewest ones and the roughness ones which prevent sliding of the thread itself in the nodes that made the ring: "Cordonetto" is commonly used. We also suggest to use the "ANCORA" uncinetto, you can find it in various size, it must be proporzionated to the quality of the woven on which the trina is destined. It is used also "perlé" and silks for eyelets.
Laces of two colors can be also done, using a different color for the auxiliary thread; so the rings will have their color, chains and archs another one.
More thin is the thread, beautifulr will be the lace.